Suggested Meaning:rock of the ?
 1st element:Gaelic al ‘rock’
 2nd element:Gaelic ding ‘wedge’ ?
Blaeu Coila (1654):Aldhing
OS Names (1855-57):Allhang, Alhang
Location:OS Map Six-inch Scotland 1892-1960
Other Early Forms
Alhinge (Ainslie, 1797), Allhang, Alhang, Alhinge ( OS Name Book, Kirkcudbrightshire 1848-51)
Alwhat (left) and Alhang (right)             ( photo Robert Guthrie)

1st element|Gaelic al ‘rock’

2nd element|| Gaelic ding ‘wedge’

The entry for Alhang in the Ordnance Survey Namebook, Kirkcudbrightshire 1848-151, Vol. 5 gives the following description –

The first syllable in this name appears tolerable plain to be the Gaelic Aill, A precipice, a rock or Steep place but the affix, hang, is rather difficult to trace its derivation. I believe it is much changed by the lowland pronunciation.

The early form Aldhing (Blaeu, 1654) makes the Gaelic ding ‘wedge’ [1] worthy of consideration; however it is pronounced ‘jeeng’.  While of course in this neck of the woods the terms ‘hing’ and ‘hang‘ are interchangeable but that’s not to suggest it was a hanging hill or Gallows hill!


[1] Edward Dwelly | Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary (1902-1912)

Reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland
Map 1| OS Map Six-inch Scotland 1892-1960
Map 2| Johan Blaeu, ‘The Stuartrie of Kirkcudbright, the most easterlie part of Galloway’ (1654)

Ordnance Survey Name Books
Ayrshire OS Name Book (1857-59) Vol. 49| Alhang
Kirkcudbrightshire OS Name Book (1848-51) Vol. 4| Alhang
Kirkcudbrightshire OS Name Book (1848-51) Vol. 5| Alhang