Alhang

Place-name:Alhang
Suggested Meaning:rock of the ?
 1st element:Gaelic al ‘rock’
 2nd element:Gaelic ding ‘wedge’ ?
Blaeu Coila (1654):Aldhing
OS Names (1855-57):Allhang, Alhang
Location:OS Map Six-inch Scotland 1892-1960
Other Early Forms
Alhinge (Ainslie, 1797), Allhang, Alhang, Alhinge ( OS Name Book, Kirkcudbrightshire 1848-51)
Alhang_Alwhat_00
Alwhat (left) and Alhang (right)             ( photo Robert Guthrie)

1st element|Gaelic al ‘rock’

2nd element|| Gaelic ding ‘wedge’

The entry for Alhang in Ordnance Survey Namebook, Kirkcudbrightshire 1848-151, Vol. 5 gives the following description –

The first syllable in this name appears tolerable plain to be the Gaelic Aill, A precipice, a rock or Steep place but the affix, hang, is rather difficult to trace its derivation. I believe it is much changed by the lowland pronunciation.

The early form Aldhing (Blaeu, 1654) makes the Gaelic ding ‘wedge’ [1] worthy of consideration; however it is pronounced ‘jeeng’.  While of course in this neck of the woods the terms ‘hing’ and ‘hang’ are interchangeable but that’s not to suggest it was a hanging hill or Gallows hill!

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

References
[1] Edward Dwelly | Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary (1902-1912)

Maps
By Permission of National Library of Scotland
https://maps.nls.uk/
OS Map Six-inch Scotland 1892-1960
Johan Blaeu, ‘The Stuartrie of Kirkcudbright, the most easterlie part of Galloway’ (1654)
John Ainslie, ‘The Stewartry of Kirkcudbright’ (1797)

Ordnance Survey Name Books
scotlandsplaces.gov.uk
Ayrshire OS Name Book (1857-59) Vol. 49| Alhang
Kirkcudbrightshire OS Name Book (1848-51) Vol. 4| Alhang
Kirkcudbrightshire OS Name Book (1848-51) Vol. 5| Alhang