Suggested Meaning:‘merkland of the ash wood’
 1st element:Scots esche ‘ash tree, ash wood
 2nd element:Scots mark ‘mark, unit of measurement’
Blaeu Coila (1654):Efhmarck
OS Names (1855-57):Ashmark
Valuation Roll 1855:No Entry
Valuation Roll 1940:Ashmark
Location:OS Map Six-inch Scotland 1892-1960
Other Early Forms:

Eschetpark (1564), Eschemerk (1575, 1618), Eschemerke (1583) Eshmark (1642), Ashmarke (1684)

Ashmark farm (Robert Guthrie)

1st element | Scots esche- ‘ash tree, ash wood”

The early forms Eschetpark*, Eschemerk, Eschemerke and Eshmark are all associated with the records of the Campbell family that held these lands in th 16th/17th century [1]. The first element is Scots esche ‘ash tree, ash wood’ [2] There is a local tradition that  ‘really old farms always had six ash-trees around the yard, this was to shape bows and arrows to guard against thieves’. [3]

* [the ‘tp’ of Eschetpark may be a misreading of ‘m’]

2nd element |Scots mark ‘mark, merkland’

A common place-name element signifying a unit of land-measurement merkland “a piece of land assessed as having an annual rental value of one mark at the time of assessment” [4] where a mark was worth 13s. 4d Scots.

* [the ‘tp’ of Eschetpark may be a misreading of ‘m’]


[1] Source: Stuart Clarkson correspondence
[2] Dictionary of the Scots Language | esche
[3] George Sanderson | New Cumnock Far and Away
[4] Dictionary of the Scots Language | mark

Reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland
Map 1|Blaeu Colia Provincia (1654) | Eshmarck

Ordnance Survey Name Books
Ayrshire OS Name Book (1855-57) Vol. 49 | Ashmark