Auchingee

Place-name:Auchingee
Suggested Meaning:‘field of the goose’
First elementGaelic achadh na ‘field of the-‘
Second element1. Gaelic geadh ‘goose’ 
Second element2. Gaelic gaoth ‘wind’
Second element3. Personal name Godeu
Blaeu Coila (1654):Achinghy
OS Name Books (1855-57):Auchingee, Auchengee
Location:Ordnance Survey (1892-1960)
Current Status:
Other Early Forms:
Auchinge (1535), Auchingey (1549), Auchinghy (1549), Auchinegie (1604), Achinghy (1654), Auchingie (1670), Auchengea (Land Tax 1803)

1st element | Gaelic achadh ‘field’

Typically places names beginning with the elements achin-, auchen- or auchin- would have started out as field names indicative of ancillary farming activity by Gaelic speaking settlers [1] and all are anglicised forms of the Gaelic achadh ‘field’.

2nd element| –gee

Three possibilties emerge for the meaning of –gee of the second element of Auchingee. These are presented here in order of the most probable.

Map 1 | OS Map 1885-1903 (By Permission of National Library of Scotland)

2nd element | 1. Gaelic geadh ‘goose’

Gaelic: geadh (pronounced giagh) ‘goose’ [2].

Perhaps the fields at Auchingee were a stopping off place for geese migrating south from Iceland for the winter.

2nd element |2. Gaelic gaoth ‘wind’

Gaelic: gaoth (pronounced gu) ‘wind’ [2]

Maxwell [3] considers the place name Tandragee in Stoneykirk, Galloway –

“to be Gaelic ton re gaieth ‘backside to the wind’. A common name to express an exposed hillside.”

Auchingee is located on a hilltop and exposed to the wind.

Auchingy, one the early forms the place-name, is found in following record of the Craufurds of Leffnories, descended from those of Dalleagles. Coincidentally the properties listed include ‘the lands of Windyraw‘.

6 June 1549 at Edinburgh,

The Queen etc. granted to Margaret Creichtoun in liferent, and George Craufurde de Lefnoris hereditary, and to the heirs procreated lawfully
between the said Margaret and George, whom failing, to the nearest lawful
heirs or assignees of the said George whomsoever, –

2 merk lands of Knockdonis, the lands of Slowanis de Waird, the lands of Dykis occupied by John Craufurde, the lands of Windyraw, the grain mill of Nith, 2 merk lands of Farding, the lands of Auchingy, Dalleglis, Quhitehill and Schang, with annexes, extending annually to 100 merks, in the sheriffdom of Air; – which the said George, with consent of Alexander Nesbit de Bankheid his lawful curator [ie tutor], personally resigned ..

Register of the Great Seal of Scotland (vol 4, no. 327) [4]


2nd element | Personal name and place-name: Goddeu/Godeu

Hugh Lorimer [5] considers Goddeu/Godeu to be both a personal name and a place-name in the parish of New Cumnock. He identifies Godeu as the sister of Niven {Cairniven} and aunt of Urien of Rheged {Dalricket} and Auchingee to be the lands of Godeu.

Lorimer identifies Welsh gwyddau ‘goose’ and considers the pronunciation of Gywddau to be very near Godeu leading him to conclude –

The equivalent of the Welsh Gwyyd in Gaelic is Geadh – a goose. This is pronounced Gee. Accordingly, the Gaelic Auchin-gee (the field of the Goose) , which is in the adjacent and adjoining farm to Dal-ricket, is the “unknown” and long lost Godeu.

Hugh Lorimer F.S.A, A Corner of Old Strathclyde, p. 87 (1952)

 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

References
[1] W.F.H. Nicolaisen | Scottish Place-names (1986)
[2] Macolm MacLennan| Gaelic Dictionary (1995)
[3] Sir Herbert Maxwell | The Place-names of Galloway (2001)
[4] Source: Stuart Clarkson | Register of Great Seal of Scotland, Vol. 4, No. 327
[5] Hugh Lorimer F.S.A. | A Corner of Old Strathclyde, p. 87 (1952)

Maps

Maps 
By Permission of National Library of Scotland 
https://maps.nls.uk/ 
Ref | Blaeu Atlas of Scotland (1654), Coila Provincia 
Map 1 | Ordnance Survey (1885-1903) 
Ordnance Survey Name Books
By Permission of Scotland’s Places
scotlandsplaces.gov.uk
Ayrshire OS Name Books (1855-57) Vol. 49| Auchingee