Suggested Meaning:‘curved timber’
First elementcruck ‘oak cruck,curved timber’
Blaeu Coila (1654):Cruck
OS Name Books (1855-57):Crook (ruins)
Location:Ordnance Survey (1843-1882)
Other Early Forms:
Cruck (1654)

Cruck is shown on Blaeu’s Coila Provincia (1654) to the west of Benston (O. Benstoun) and north-west of Wellhill (Welhil).

Map 1 Cruck (Blaeu 1654) | Reproduced by permission of the National Library of Scotland

In 1753 the baptism of ‘William Hamilton, son of William Hamilton and Janet McKnight in Crooks of Benstone‘is recorded in the Old Parish Reords of New Cumnock (1706-1854).

One hundred years later, as recorded in the Valuation Rolls (1855), these properties were under the ownership of the Marquis of Bute and tenanted by the Arthur family – Benston by Alexander Arthur and Wellhill & Crook by William Arthur.

William Arthur had been born at Crook, in 1809, and so too his elder brother John Findlay Arthur (1807) who many years later would serve as a Surgeon Major in Her Majesty’s Indian Army and received the honour “The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, CSI.”

The Ordnance Survey Names Book (1855-57) entry for Crook (ruins) is short and sweet and reads ‘the remains of an old farm House‘. It also identifies Mr. Arthur, Benston as one of the ‘Authorities of spelling‘.

Map 2 Crook | Reproduced with permission of the National Library of Scotland

The name cruck is a reference to a style of construction using oak trunks to build, for example, cruck cottages or cruck barns. Here a single oak trunk was split down the middle to give a pair of curved crucks. The crucks were then joined together, raised and held in position to support the roof. There is a wonderful example of a restored Cruck Cottage can be seen at Torthorwald, Dumfriesshire and is open to visitors.


By Permission of National Library of Scotland 
Map 1 | Blaeu, Cruck 
Map 2 | Ordnance Survey, Crook
Ordnance Survey Name Books
By Permission of Scotland’s Places
Ayrshire OS Name Books (1855-57) Vol. 49| Crook
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