|Suggested Meaning:||pigeon crag|
|1st element||S. dow ‘pigeon, dove’|
|2nd element||S. craig ‘crag, rock’|
|Blaeu Coila (1654):||No Entry|
|OS Name Books (1855-57):||Dow Craig|
|Location:||Ordnance Survey (1892-1960)|
The Ordnance Survey Name Book (1855-57) entry for Dow Craig reads –
A ledge of rock and some [?] on an angle in Beoch Lane Burn near Waterhead. Dow – A Dove – Jamieson
The Dow Craig sat within a loop of the Beoch Lane about half-a-mile from where it joins the River Nith down stream. The entry from John Jamieson’s ‘Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language’ (1808) is also included, i.e. Scots dow ‘dove’.
The name is Scots dow craig ‘pigeon crag’ [1,2].
Although in the photograph below (2008) the Dow Craig is seen to covered in rushes, grasses and birch trees the ledge of rocks can still be seen.
As part of the House of Water opencast operations the course of the Beoch Lane was greatly altered at the Dow Craig where the loop has now gone and the Lane now flows dues east to meet with the Nith. It is unclear if the Dow Craig survived these operations.
As well as the Dow Craig in New Cumnock the name appears in the Ordnance Survey Name Books for East Lothian, Fife & Kinross, Kirkcudbrightshire and Midlothian. The one from Kirkcudbrightshire makes amusing reading –
…it is and has been a favourite resort of a species of birds called “Doos”wild pigeons, hence the name.
Sir Herbert Maxwell  refers to this Kirkcudbright Dow Craig as follows –
‘Twynholm’ L.Sc. Pigeons’ Crag “Dow, a dove” – Jamieson
| Dictionary of Scots Language | doo, dow|
| Dictionary of Scots Language | craig|
| Sir Herbert Maxwell, ‘The Place-Names of Galloway’ (1913)|
|Reproduced with the Permission of the National Library of Scotland|
|Map 1 | Ordnance Survey (1892-1960) |Dow Craig|