04: James Young

Reverend James Young (1711-1795)

  • Minister of New Cumnock Parish Church (1758-1795)
  • Spouse: Elizabeth Hunter (1742-1825)
  • Children: James, Robert, Marjory & Marrion (twins), Robert, Janet, Elizabeth, Margaret Crawford, Alexander, Elizabeth, Katherine, Mary, Patrick

 James Young was born on 29th July 1711 the son of Alexander Young, a cooper in Falkirk, and Janet Young. Licensed by the Presbytery of Linlithgow he was called to the parish of New Cumnock on the 29th December 1757, following the demission of the incumbent minister the Reverend Thomas Hunter.  The Reverend James Young was ordained on the 3rd May 1758, the fourth minister of the parish of New Cumnock.


“The officer was appointed to go to the most patent Door of the Kirk and after thrice calling if any person had any objection against the Life and Doctrine of Mr. Young and why he should not be ordained Minister of this Parish that they come and give them into the Presbytery just now sitting and none having appeared, The Presbytery appoint Mr. Dun to proceed in his ordination”.


It should be remembered the Reverend Young was an aged man, 78 years old, when ‘The Kirk’s Alarm’ was written. Indeed he was minister at New Cumnock from the year before Robert Burns was born until the year before the bard died.

The Reverend Young should also be remembered for compiling the First Statistical Account of the Parish. Written in 1790 the here are some snippets –

Account of the Parish.  Written in 1790 the here are some snippets –


Population: It may now amount to 1200, two villages have been built near the church, and on Afton Water, where there was but one house in 1757. There may be 80 farmers and storekeepers and more cottagers, 200 men-servants, near as many woman servants, 400 horses, near 1000 milch-cows and their followers. The number of sheep cannot be easily guessed at.

Schools: There is an established school , endowed with a salary L. 100 Scotch, sometimes of 30 and sometimes of 40 scholars; but as it cannot accommodate half of the parish, several private schools are kept in distant parts of it.

Produce: The parish produces chiefly bear and oats. Abundance of potatoes are raised and mostly used for the support of inhabitants. Quantities of bear, cheese and butter, are exported, and with them the farmers make up their rents. The crops are liable to several accidents when the harvest is late, and suffer much by early frosts, mildews and shaking winds especially in the marshy and fluid grounds.

Minerals: There are various mines of coal and lime which serve the neighbourhood, though little is consumed owing to the want of a navigable river, in which case a greater estate arise from them than the surface of the land. There is now a lead mine working in Afton barony in which a company of Quakers have entered into a contract. Twenty miners are employed and more are expected according to the apparent success. A wodd (graphite) mine was recently was lately found on the estate of the Earl of Dumfries.

New Cumnock Communion Token 1764 : Permission of East Ayrshire Council

The Reverend James Young passed away on the 1st August 1795, aged 84 years, and is buried next to the Auld Kirk walls with his wife Elizabeth and a number of their children.



Min. of the Gospel, N. Cumnock
For nearly 40 years, died the 1st Aug
1795 aged 85 years
………………………. the duties of his
Office with fidelity becoming a
Pastor in the Established Church
of Scotland was highly esteemed
by …….……. and all whoever e
…………….with him as a sound
Divine …….. independent
Brought up numerous Family
Although the stipend was small
yet he was contented, not given
Like him in virtue’s path he trod,
Was lov’d by men cause he feared his God,
In accefs easy to every Christian eye,
..…now….. and far above the sky.
Also Mrs E.HUNTER his wife
Died 6th Dec 1825, aged 83 years
And a number of his family are
interred here
In remembrance this stone is


Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae Entry

1757, New Cumnock, FES, Vol.3, p.27

JAMES YOUNG Son of Alexander Y., cooper, Falkirk ; licen. by Presb. of Linlithgow ; called 29th Dec. 1757 ; ord. 3rd May 1758; died 1st Aug. 1795, aged 84. He marr. 4th Nov. 1762, Elizabeth (died 3rd Dec. 1825), daugh. of Robert Hunter, min. of Kirkconnel, and had issue James, born 13th Oct. 1763 ; Robert, born 12th and died 30th Nov. 1764; Marjory, born 12th Aug. 1766 ; Marion (twin), born 12th Aug. 1766, died 8th Sept. 1780; Robert, born 20th Jan. 1768; Janet, born 20th March 1769 ; Elizabeth, born 5th Nov. 1770; Margaret Crawford, born 21st Feb. 1773 ; Alexander, born 5th March 1774 ; Elizabeth Penelope, born 21st Sept. 1775, died 18th Oct. 1781 ; Katherine, born 3rd Nov. 1776, died 30th May 1796; Mary, born 28th Feb. 1778; Patrick, born 6th June 1779. Publication Account of the Parish (Sinclair s Stat. Ace. vi.).