Chang Hill

Place-name:Chang Hill
Suggested Meaning:‘tongue shaped hill’
First element:Gaelic teanga ‘tongue’
Blaeu Coila (1654):Chayng Hil
OS Name Books (1855-57):Chang Hill
Location:Ordnance Survey (1937-1961)
Other Early Forms:
Chayng hil (1654), Schang (1759), Chang (1803) , Changhill (1803), Changuehill (1816), Chanquehill (1845)
Map 1 Chayng Hil, Blaeu | Reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland

Chang Hill appears in Blaeu Coila Provincia as the impressive Chayng Hill. The farmstead Chorg downstream is a mis-spelling of Chang; taking its name from the hill. In the Land Tax Rolls the properties of Schang (1759), Changhill (1803), Chang (1803) and Changuehill (1816). In 1845 the ‘Lands of the Estate of Dalleagles‘ were put up for sale including the “Lands and farm of Chanquehill” (The Glasgow Herald).

Map 2 Chang. Littlechang &High Chang | Reproduced with the permission of National Library of Scotland

The Ordnance Survey shows a cluster of three ‘Chang hills’ with Littlechang Hill lying immediately east of Chang Hill while High Chang Hill neighbours it to the south. Sir Herbert Maxwell

Sir Herbert Maxwell identifies Chang in Galloway as Gaelic teanga ‘a tongue, expressing a long strip of land’. Tongue-shaped perfectly describes Chang Hill and its ‘little tongue’ neighbour while High Chang appears as tongue-shaped extension of Enoch Hill.

 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

References
[1] Malcolm MacLennan ‘Gaelic Dictionary’
[2] Sir Herbert Maxwell ‘The Place-Names of Galloway”
The British Newspaper Archive
The British Newspaper Archive
[1] The Glasgow Herald, Monday November 13, 1854
Maps 
By Permission of National Library of Scotland 
https://maps.nls.uk/ 
Map 1 | Blaeu Map | Chayng Hil
Map 2 | Ordnance Survey| Chang Hill 
Ordnance Survey Name Books
By Permission of Scotland’s Places
scotlandsplaces.gov.uk
Ayrshire OS Name Books (1855-57) Vol. 49|Chang Hill
Ayrshire OS Name Books (1855-57) Vol. 49 |Littlechang Hill
Ayrshire OS Name Books (1855-57) Vol. 49 |High Chang Hill
Land Tax Rolls
By Permission of Scotland’s Places
scotlandsplaces.gov.uk
Land Tax Rolls 1759|Schang
Land Tax Rolls 1803| Chang, Changhill
Land Tax Rolls 1816| Changuehill