THE GLASGOW, DUMFRIES & CARLISLE RAILWAY
LEGACY OF JOHN MILLER, CE FRSE
- Commemorated by a plaque at New Cumnock Station on 2 May 2013
- by Professor Roland Paxton MBE FICE FRSE
- (Vice Chairman ICE Panel for Historical Engineering Works )
The Institution of Civil Engineers in Scotland, further to its plaque commemoration of Miller’s railway achievement in east and central Scotland at Haymarket Station in 2005 and, from Glasgow westwards, at Ayr Station in 2011, has now provided a third at New Cumnock Station, with the valuable support of the G&SWR Association , Network Rail and ScotRail. We are honoured that Provost Jim Todd of East Ayrshire Council and Andy Savage, Executive Director of the Railway Heritage Trust, have kindly agreed to unveil the plaque, a knowledge promotion contribution to the refurbishment of part of the 1850 station for railway and local community use.
The railway line between Glasgow and Carlisle, although longer than Locke’s Caledonian Railway alternative via Beattock Summit opened (1848), was better engineered for steam locomotion in terms of its gradients and for more than a century served as the main line between cities. It is still well used. Construction of the New Cumnock to Closeburn length of line was in accordance with the usual practice, that is, let in several-mile long sections to various contractors. For supervision of the execution of the work as designed Miller relied on his competent resident engineers James Deas (based at Cample site office at Thornhill) and Hugh Maclure from the Engineer’s Office at Kilmarnock.
This plaque commemorates the line, opened throughout on 28 October 1850 on completion of the 26-mile length of line from New Cumnock to Closeburn, near Thornhill. The Drumlanrig section, with the possible exception of those including Miller’s masterpieces further north, Lugar Water and Ballochmyle Viaducts, required his consummate design skill and proved the most difficult to construct, It included the lofty masonry viaducts at Cample, Carronhill, Carron, Enterkin Burn and Crawick and the 1400-yard Drumlanrig Tunnel.
The reason that the Drumlanrig section was so difficult to achieve, which delayed completion until October 1850, was meeting the Duke of Buccleugh’s requirement that the railway should not continue along the Nithsdale valley floor through the grounds of Drumlanrig (passing about 3/4 mile in front of the Castle). Meeting this condition involved a considerable detour and elevation of the line from Carron Bridge, via an otherwise unnecessary Drumlanrig Tunnel with tall viaducts at each end, to Enterkinfoot, where a massive retaining wall was required to support the railway.
The Drumlanrig section, including the tunnel ‘key to the whole line’ cost the then huge sum of nearly £150,000 (equivalent now to about £100m). Construction of the tunnel in difficult rock conditions proved beyond the skills of the contractor for this section, Brown & Oliver, who in 1848 found it expedient to enter into an arrangement with Thomas Campbell an expert tunnelling contractor who successfully completed the contract by October 1850. The number of men at work on this section in 1867 was 600 [GD&CR Minute Books 1-3 NAS].
Letter from Resident Engineer Hugh Maclure’s Copy Letter Book
George Martin Esqr,
Kilmarnock 29th August 1850
My Dear Sir,
I am favoured with your letter of yesterday’s date.
As to the Accommodation & Cost of our Station Rooms, I think the best plan is to send you a rough tracing of one of them. We have adopted this style at Old Cumnock, New Cumnock, Kirkconnel, Thornhill & Closeburn and the Average Cost is £335 each.
I may mention that our station house at Sanquhar is built on a larger scale as we will require always the call here for a …. a refreshment room and cabin waiting rooms as per hand sketch. The cost of the extra size house is £460. You will understand that the Costs of Platform Water (for Passengers) and Loading Bank Water for Cattle, Minerals &c. are not available. On an average the Cost of these works for our Stations was about £35.
I hope the above information is something like what you require and if anything other is wanted I shall be happy to supply you with anything you may require.
This article is reproduced by the kind permission of Professor Paxton.